Back to the Green Island with Efficient and Solar Stoves

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    Finishing of a combustion chamber for schools. The project wants to reduce deforestation.

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    Different types of locally produced stove modells are available.

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    «We use less charcoal than before.» Luc Rado Rabotoson, project employee, with his wife Eléonore and daughter Alicia.

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    «Before we used to live with the parents. Thanks to the project we can afford our own apartment.» Andriamihasina Don Serge, project employee, with his wife and children.

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    Resellers like Francine have an income thanks to selling the energy efficient cook stoves.

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    The energy-saving cookers consist of a combustion chamber made of fired clay, a coating made of tinplate and a top unit for pots. They are available in various sizes and can be used with wood or charcoal.

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    With solar and efficient cook stoves people can cook traditional madagassian food as rice, corn, maniok, meat soup or chicken.

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    The 'parabolic solar cooker' can be used to cook, bake, grill and fry but also to produce drinkable water or sterilise medical tools. Pupils learn about the advantages of the climate-friendly cookers.

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    The combustion chambers are being put into the green metal cases, which have been produced in the metal workshop of ADES in Tuléar. Now, they are being distributed to the different ADES centres for sale.

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    The combustion chambers get fired with artemisia briquettes.

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    Fire clearing: 90 per cent of the forests have disappeared. People cut down the trees to gain agricultural land, wood, firewood, charcoal and clay.

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    Children catching firewood. They have to walk many kilometres as there are almost no trees left.

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    Monitoring: Andriamifidy Razafimanarantsoa, responsible for the carbon monitoring, visits several hundred households per year asking beneficiaries about their cooking habits and experiences with the solar and efficient cook stoves.

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    Firewood consumption measurement during a kitchen test: The test persons get a certain amount of wood. After three days the rest of the wood is being weighed.

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    The environmental education programme is bringing children and adolescents, as well as their teachers, closer to their native flora and fauna and motivating them to act in an way that respects the environment and the climate. The young people bring home what they have learnt to their families, tribes and neighbourhoods.

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    ADES finances two trees for reforestation each time a cook stove gets sold.

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    The three-stone open fire is the traditional, polluting way of cooking. The extensive use of firewood has led to immense deforestation on the once green island.

In order to reduce CO2 and counter the rapid deforestation on Madagascar, myclimate supports the manufacture and distribution of efficient cookers and climate-friendly solar cookers. The sensibilisation of pupils about environmental protection and climate friendly cooking as well as the reforestation of two seedlings per cook stove sold are part of that project.

740,000 people benefit from better air
740,000
people benefit from better air
65,000 pupils have been sensibilised for climate protection
65,000
pupils have been sensibilised for climate protection
127,000 solar and efficient cook stoves produced and sold
127,000
solar and efficient cook stoves produced and sold

The Swiss-Madagascan organization ADES (Association pour le Développement de l'Energy Solaire) has been producing solar cookers in Madagascar since 2002 and selling them at a reduced price to local households. Since 2010, the project has expanded its activities to the entire island and included also efficient cook stove models that perfectly complement the use of solar cookers if the sun is not shining. Today ADES offers a portfolio of nine different solar and efficient cook stove models for households as well as for institutional and commercial clients such as schools, children's homes and hospitals. The project operates seven stove production and distribution workshops to serve customers all over Madagascar.

ADES is currently setting up various events to increase the population's awareness of environmental and health protection, eating healthily and fuel-efficient cooking. With an innovative environmental education programme, ADES is bringing school children and their teachers closer to their native flora and fauna and motivating them to act in an environmentally friendly way.

The climate-friendly cookers save up to 50 per cent of charcoal or firewood consumption resulting in valuable monetary savings for the household’s budget or time savings and less frequent gathering of firewood. Especially women and children benefit from the zero-emission solar cookers or cleaner combustion of efficient cookers due to less exposure to smoke during cooking. The dissemination of efficient and solar cook stoves is an effective means to combat the quickly advancing deforestation in Madagascar and to reduce CO2 emissions from the use of non-renewable biomass. Additionaly, ADES finances two trees for reforestation each time a cook stove gets sold. 

My grandmother says, Madagascar used to be a green Island. Today, it is a red island.
Eléonore, wife of Luc Rado Rabotoson, project employee, about deforestation.

The  solar cookers are ideal to prepare traditional Madagascan food such as rice, corn, manioc, meat soup or chicken. However, this new way of cooking requires a change of cooking habits. For this ADES carries out special training and awareness building programmes to ensure appropriate and convenient use of the solar cooking technology.

Since 2017, biomass instead of firewood gets used for firing the combustion chambers. These so called artemisia briquettes are one meter long, weigh 10 kilograms and are made of the remaining biomass of the production process of antimalarial drugs. Together with the introduction of a semi-industrial production, the energy efficient cook stoves can not only be produced more climate friendly, but also in a more efficient way and in a better quality.

myclimate supports the project through the CO2 compensation mechanism, which enables the long-term expansion of the project activities and its extension to the entire island. 

Have a look at more pictures on myclimate Facebook (albums 201720162014)!

IMPACTS AND BENEFITS ACHIEVED SO FAR:

  • 740,000 people (mainly women and children) benefit from lower fuel emissions and better air quality and have to spend less time collecting fire wood and maintaining the cooking fire.
  • This successful project has produced and sold 127,000 solar and efficient cook stoves.
  • ADES employs 169 permanent employees (32% women) and offers various work experience. ADES has also secured another 100+ positions with local suppliers and around 60 people earn an income as independent efficient cook stoves retailers.
  • 7 production and sales centres have been built in different regions of the island.
  • During 527 school visits almost 65,000 pupils and 3,000 teachers have been sensibilised for climate protection and clean cooking.
  • 9 different stove models are being locally produced which save each around 2.6 t CO2 per year and 2 t wood or 0.6 t charcoal.
  • 930,000 t wood saved
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